jEdit stores settings, keymaps, macros, and plugins as files inside the settings directory. In most cases, editing these files by hand is not necessary, since graphical tools and editor commands can do the job. However, being familiar with the structure of the settings directory still comes in handy in certain situations, for example when you want to copy jEdit settings between computers.
The location of the settings directory is system-specific . It is printed to the activity log ( > > ). For example:
[message] jEdit: Settings directory is /home/slava/.jedit
Another way to find the location of your settings directory is to use the "Utilities" menu, then the "Settings Directory" menu item. The first item in the pullout menu is the location of your settings directory.
From Console or the File System Browser, you can use an environment
$JEDIT_SETTINGS, to refer to that location.
-settings switch on the
command line instructs jEdit to store settings in a directory other than
the default. For example, the following command will instruct jEdit to
store all settings in the
jedit subdirectory of the
-nosettings switch will force jEdit to
not look for or create a settings directory; default settings will be
jEdit creates the following files and directories inside the settings directory; plugins may add more:
abbrevs - a plain text file which
stores all defined abbreviations. See the section called “Abbreviations”.
activity.log - a plain text file
which contains the full activity log. See Appendix B, The Activity Log.
jars - this directory contains
plugins. See Chapter 9, Installing and Using Plugins.
jars-cache - this directory contains
plugin cache files which decrease the time to start jEdit. They
are automatically updated when plugins are installed or
keymaps - this directory
contains collections of named keyboard shortcuts
which can be defined from the Shortcuts Option Pane (see the section called “The Shortcuts Pane”).
killring.xml - stores recently
deleted text. See the section called “Transferring Text”.
macros - this directory contains
macros. See Chapter 8, Using Macros.
modes - this directory contains
custom edit modes. See Part II, “Writing Edit Modes”.
perspective.xml - an XML file that
stores the list of open buffers and views used to maintain
editor state between sessions.
PluginManager.download - this
directory is usually empty. It only contains files while the
plugin manager is downloading a plugin. For information about
the plugin manager, see Chapter 9, Installing and Using Plugins.
this contains a cached copy of the last XML plugin list downloaded from plugin central. If you delete this file, a new one will be created next time you try to install a plugin via Plugin Manager.
printspec - a binary file that stores
properties - a plain text file that
stores the majority of jEdit's and its plugins settings. For
more information see the section called “The jEdit properties file”.
recent.xml - an XML file which stores
the list of recently opened files. jEdit remembers the caret
position and character encoding of each recent file, and
automatically restores those values when one of the files is
registers.xml - an XML file that
stores register contents. See the section called “General Register Commands” for
more information about registers.
server - a plain text file that only
exists while jEdit is running. The edit server's port number and
authorization key is stored here. See Chapter 2, Starting jEdit.
settings-backup - this directory
contains numbered backups of all automatically-written settings
startup - This directory
contains startup scripts in beanshell or other plugin-supported scripting
languages. They are run at the time jEdit starts, after the
startup scripts in the jEdit install directory have been run. See the section called “Startup Scripts”
properties file uses the Java
properties syntax to store key/value pairs. All of the values are
stored as strings, but are interpreted as other types (such as
integer or boolean) by plugins at runtime.
Do not edit this file while jEdit is running. If you do, it is possible that your changes (either your edits, or jEdit settings changes) may get lost.
You may also put properties files in the
properties directory under
the jEdit home directory (NOT the jedit settings directory). You
can locate the jEdit home directory by going to the Utilities menu
directory, then the menu item, and the first
item in the pullout menu will be the location of the jEdit home
directory. This is intended for site-wide settings. This lets you keep
custom user properties separate from the jEdit site-wide properties, so they are easier to find, edit, and move between machines. Note that your
custom properties files must have ".props" as the file name extension.
Prior to jEdit 5.0, this was also where site-wide keyboard shortcuts were placed, but now you can define custom sets of shortcuts as keymap files. These files can be cloned and edited from the Shortcuts Option Pane, or edited by hand. To place them in a system-wide location, copy them into the
keymaps folder under the jedit home directory.
Site properties files are read in alphabetically by file name. This means that if you have a property with the same name in more than one file, the value for that property will be the value found in the last file that was read.
You can edit these files inside jEdit - changes made to these files will not be re-read until the next time jEdit is started.
 On Linux, it is
On Windows, you will find it in
On the Mac, it is